Definition, Sign, Prevention and symptoms of STD and AIDS

Mofizur Rahman

Definition, Sign, Prevention and symptoms of STD and AIDS

Definition, Sign, Prevention and symptoms of STD and AIDS




Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or sexually transmitted infections (STIS), are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The contact is usually vaginal, oral, and anal sex. But sometimes they can spread through other intimate physical contact. This is because some STDs, like herpes and HPV, are spread by skin-to-skin contact.

Examples of STDs:
  • Chlamydia
  • Genital herpes
  • Gonorrhoea
  • HPV
  • Pubic lice
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis


Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life- threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Mode of transmission:

By having sex;
By sharing needles;
From blood transfusion;
During pregnancy and delivery or through breast feeding.

Sign and symptoms:

  1. Sweats;
  2. Chills;
  3. Recurring fever;
  4. Chronic diarrhoea;lly
  5. Swollen lymph glands;
  6. Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in mouth;
  7. Persistent, unexplained fatigue:
  8. Weakness;
  9. Weight loss;
  10. Skin rashes.

Prevention: According to WHO-

  1. Male and female condom use;
  2. Testing and counselling for HIV and STIS;
  3. Testing and counselling for linkages to tuberculosis care;
  4. Voluntary medical male circumcision;
  5. Use of antiretroviral drugs for prevention;
  6. Harm reduction for people who inject and use drugs; and
  7. Elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

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